Feb 7

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In many different systems and equipment, three phase transformers are required. They are also the transformers used in power stations and in substations, but in smaller electrical appliances, equipment, and system they are equally important. They are also used within plants and industrial facilities to provide the stepped up or stepped down power requirements for the components in the system.

The three phases can be designed by linking three single phase transformers or by using an integrated transformer that contains all three phases in one unit. These transformers can be standard, off the shelf types of components, or they can be custom made to meet the needs of the specific application.

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The Benefits

One of the most important benefits to consider in choosing three phase transformers over linked single phase transformers is the compact size offered by the custom-made system. They are streamlined, lighter and more efficient to use in any type of application.

With the three internal transformers configured to work with each other, there is a constant power delivery. With a single transformer it is possible to get surges, but impossible to have the same thing happen with a 3 phase system. This is essential to consider in most sensitive types of electronic systems and equipment.

Additionally, with the use of three phase transformers, there is a redundancy built into the design. With the three transformers working together, even if one of the three fails, the other two transformers in the system continue to operate without any disruption in the power. This can only occur if the transformer is designed to accommodate this and contains three single transformers, which is known as three phase bank transformer.

A single unit three phase transformer does not have this capacity, but with the design of these units, faults or failure is uncommon, making them a good choice for any type of system.

Jan 31

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Design easy Garden


ofer elhashahar

Landscape Element: Garden Pathways – A Gravel Garden Path

What was once average – gravel lawn paths – now become something far more. With the newer edging equipment, and in fact the heavy duty plastic path edging, ‘sexier’ curves and roundabouts become something other than a wrestling match and bleeding hands resulting in wrestling with steel or combined wood slices. We can presently place edging in that ways as to curve and meander along the more engaging lines which the best property employ. What results is a quite easier building which endures for an immense total of time. We can yet “seed” the gravel inside with whatever gravel elements we desire – from bits of color to uniform, compacted surfaces of limestone and “base rock” material which harden to a cement-like texture. These passages take us between our garden’s best elements – through the small hills and hummocks, around chosen shrubs and trees, revealing absolutely what the “next corner” wants to give to us. We then encounter new things, striking things, if we are good, which occupy our interest and our fondest gardening perceptions. The gravel garden pathway is an underrated design element. So – can we do it ourselves?

Making A Gravel Garden Path – Measuring and Locating The Path

Most landscapers, including myself, take a can of spray paint and delineate exactly where we want the garden path to run. Obviously the choice is the designer/owner’s, but we are certain it will follow the principles of impressive garden beauty. Once the course of the garden path is chosen, we will at that instant arrive at a width we most desire. Commonly, 3 feet is a good rule of thumb. That can actually deal in quite a bit of traffic with people near one another. Typically, garden paths at our residences don’t require a width to accommodate people side by side.

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Excavating – How Deep And Where

I take some reusable and disposable article measuring 3 feet – say a 2″ x 4″ or other piece of lumber cut to length or even a simple rulers of 36″ and use it as a template. This will become even more vital as we finish the edges and begin filling. I will then, once again, spray paint the edge I am looking for pretty much accurately where I will want to excavate for the edging. As well, it pays to excavate enough material on the inside of the painted edge to allow for the addition of 4″ or so of gravel. This thickness allows for drainage as well as for eventual compaction. Too thin and the traffic will “pump” the dirt below the gravel into the gravel itself when wet. Nor will it compact as well as we would want. 4″ is therefore an actual “minimum depth”, to my mind. In rainier climates, I have excavated deeper.


I am a firm believer in the virtues of heavy duty plastic path edging. Adaptable and even changeable after some years, when and if the desire hits, it’s convertibility is far greater than that of steel or wood. It has therefore become an edging material of choice for me. Plus – and this is huge – it is “user friendly”. As the excavations complete, we now arrive at installation of the edging. Following the original line, we install one length of edging – say 20-30′ – by pounding stakes into the ground and (my method) screwing in the screws which hold so much better than nails. Unrequired to say, the convertibility of screws means we can merely unscrew them when we desire a change. So now we have more or less the desired edging installed on one side. Our goal now is to attach the facing edge so that we have a perfect 3 foot inner dimension. By using the template we mentioned above, lay it down and then attach the other edging at the perfect distance. Run the template up and down the pathway now to see how close to perfect it is and then toss a bit of dirt on the outer edge. Be careful not to ‘contaminate’ the inside with a bunch of dirt because that is the gravel course which is best served being purely gravel. From this point, follow the same installation technique for the full course of the path.

Filling Gravel Garden Path

At this point, things are downhill! Well, to a degree, anyway. Truly, determining and then installing the edging material is by far the most demanding intellectual portion of the project. Now all we need to do is bring in our wheelbarrows chock full of gravel. With a reasonable surface, we would generally start from the extreme edge of the walk – at the remotest point – and then work our way backwards. Every now and then, however, conditions don’t permit this. Wet soil, from the location itself or from, say, a rainfall, can make things difficult to manoeuvre wheelbarrows. In this case, working from the closest point it totally OK. What we may need to do is to compact what we’ll be running material over so the wheels of the carts run smoothly rather than dig in, causing incredibly hard slogging. I will mention compacting below. In any event, we are at that point where we approach finishing now. Filling the pathway with the designated gravel get us to the end – or nearly so.

Finishing And Compacting

Many gravels are intended to compact into dense and sturdy surfaces. For example what landscapers refer to as ‘Class 2 Base Rock’ (the same material they put under roads) is a combination of ground rock and some pebbles. The “fines” or small particles act almost like cement in helping the entire garden path to adhere to stiffness and durable hardness. It is a given that hard surfaces make better walking – at least as opposed to real loose surfaces. Limestone products as well offer compaction and a gorgeous color as well. Decomposed Granite and many other materials will look attractive and compact with the aid of a rent-able plate tamper or plate compactor. A couple of quick runs with one of these and you have an incredibly hard and durable surface. It is even possible to “seed” a gravel garden path” by compacting a durable material underneath, then ‘finishing’ the top course with an inch or less of, say, Pea Gravel or colourful alternatives.

Once all this is done, we once again take out our little template for it’s final sweep. We run it up and down the length of the pathway, making adjustments which, perhaps, the compactor knocked out of line. By the time we finish, what we have as a result is a gravel garden path which is as good as those made anywhere in the entire world. Preferable, actually, because “we did it”!!

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May 4

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Submitted by: Greers Weeney

One way to facelift your house is through repainting of the interior and the exterior parts of the house. When you consider repainting, you should think of ways to save on your painting expenses. There are various ways to do so and one of them is to find a painting contractor that will charge less for the services.

What part of the house do you want to repaint? You can paint the exterior part and this will boost the appeal of the curb. Or you want to facelift your home and you will have to repaint both the interior and exterior walls. There are people who repaint their homes for big reason; this usually is done when they want to sell their houses. A new paint will make the appearance refreshed. This repainting will also raise the aesthetic as well as the market value of the property.

For whatever reason that you are repainting your home, there is one valuable tip that you should try to heed. These are the money-saving tips.

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One valuable tip is the advice that you should opt to repaint regularly. At first glance, this may not be money-savings, instead it is expense. However, a careful evaluation will show that regular repainting will indeed help you save money. The paint will keep the surfaces of the walls of your house protected. With a good painting job, you will need less maintenance tasks. There are homeowners who delay the repainting because they believe that this is additional expense. However, the delay can make you ignore the task and ultimately, it may be too late to notice that there are damages and decays appearing on the walls of the house.

Without implementing the repainting, you will notice that your paint may begin to crack. With these cracks and paint peeling, moisture may get into the cracks. The moisture on the other hand will allow for the build-up of molds and mildews. Water damage can cause your wall to rot. When this happens, you will be spending more for repairs instead of simple coat of paint. The big expense in painting is labor cost. With a big damage on the walls, you will be spending a lot of money on scraping, sanding, caulking and painting.

Because it is very necessary for you to keep regular maintenance for both interior and exterior painting, you should endeavor to have a regular paint maintenance schedule. Your house painting service provider can first implement the washing of the siding. Then, one coat of paint may suffice to complete the repainting task.

The choice of the kind of paint can also affect your cost. Sometimes, homeowners go for the really cheap paint. You may save some money in buying cheap paints but in the long run this may be more expensive as the quality of the paint will not last long. Low quality of paint can easily fade and it may create a chalky finish. They can also chip or peel easily. Good quality paint will outlast the performance of cheap paint which means that with this more expensive paint the maintenance will be less and it will take a longer period before repainting is needed.

Choose also the right time to repaint. You will save a lot if you choose the off season. Painters have their off-peak and when the repainting is done during this period your labor cost may be lower. Furthermore, check if the painting contractors are giving promotions and if they do the cost of labor will again be cheaper.

About the Author: Octavio s Painting is a source for Painting Albuquerque, painting Albuquerque NM, Albuquerque house painting and Albuquerque painting. To learn more, visit





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Feb 22

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Organic Pest Control – the Easiest Way to Prevent Insect Damage in Your Garden


Leo Lazich

Every life created by nature has a purpose and usually a predator to keep it in check. Overtime of course, some predators got extinct or displaced and so their prey begin to dominate and soon became pests. Human ingenuity however, is limitless and we soon find solutions to problems that often, we ourselves inadvertently created. The pests in our garden is one such problem and fortunately, we do know how to get rid of them.When it comes to pests in the garden or pest control in general, the first thing that comes to mind is chemical pesticide. The unfortunate truth about them is that each year homes in Australia use approximately several million litres of pesticides on lawns and gardens, and in the home. In fact, on an average, home owners use thrice the quantum of pesticides as farmers. This sad statistics results in lot of wildlife poisonings also, most surface water contamination from pesticides come from single-family homes.You can be environmentally friendly by opting for natural methods and natural pest control which by the way, is less expensive and it’s 100% safer for your family, your garden, the wildlife near you and of course, the environment. Here are the secrets to how organic pest control works:Smell: Like humans, garden pests too are affected by bad smell however (and fortunately), garden pests hate smell of garlic, rhubarb, fish, tobacco etc. you get the picture. So discard old garlic, fish heads, etc. by burying them near the roots of your plants.Gases and odour molecules: Certain plants give off natural odours or oils which some bugs find unpleasant. Sprays and other concoctions made from these plants and sprayed onto plants will deter pests while not harming your plants.Oil: Vegetable oils, Mineral oils and oils made from cotton seed will suffocate soft-bodied pests e.g. caterpillars.Soap: Add small quantities of vegetable based liquid soaps to sprays in small amounts to make them stick to plants. Many insects dislike it and are harmed by soap.Physical: If only one or two plants exhibit pests, the good old manual (by hand) removal method works fast and is best. You may hate to go near them but removing caterpillars by hand works best. Just use some simple tool to pry the caterpillars lose and drop them into a bucket or paper bag.Remember, all insects are not pests. Some are there to control the real pests. The easiest way to differentiate between them is to open Google in your web browser and insert a description of the ‘pest’ and voil you will know if the garden pest you describe is really a pest of a predator of the real pests. You want a Lawn Mowing Services Forster teeming with life with the many creatures and insects keeping each other in check.The idea of organic pest control is to work with nature rather than bombard everything with chemical based sprays and other counterproductive material.Of course, you can also opt to have a team of Garden Clean Ups Services Penrith professionals from Fox mowing attend to your garden pests. More information here: http://foxmowingnsw.com.au.Leo Lazich is a Franchisor of Fox Mowing for NSW and QLD in Australia. Welcome to the Fox Mowing and Gardening website. We here at Fox are pretty passionate about our work. We love gardening and lawn care and nothing makes us happier than having satisfied clients. Youll find lots of information here about the services that we can offer you.Article Source: eArticlesOnline.com

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Oct 12

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Submitted by: Danielle Bardo

Unless you live in an urban area, you probably have no reason to think about starting a rooftop garden. However, if you do indeed live in a densely populated urban area and are short on growing space, you may want to consider the many reasons for starting a rooftop garden.

A rooftop garden can go a long way toward improving the energy efficiency of the building. Plants, flowers and shrubbery grown on the top of a building will help to reduce the overall heat consumption of the building and thereby reduce the overall energy needed to keep the building cool during the hot summer months. Studies have shown that the primary cause of heat build-up in urban areas during the summer is due to the absorption of heat by roads and buildings; particularly those with black rooftops dot the landscape of most cities. It has been proven that plants and gardens on rooftops in urban areas can reduce the heat levels in a building by more than 7 to 10 degrees Fahrenheit.

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Another benefit of having a roof garden is the secrecy of your own private growing space. Indeed since undeveloped space is a coveted commodity in urban areas, you increase both your living space and real estate value with a roof garden. As an added bonus, a roof top garden provides a secure place to grow whatever pleases you without having to worry about intrusions into your space as it sits far from marauding children and varmints hell bent on foraging on produce,

One of the other ways in which a rooftop garden can be a benefit to both you and the surrounding environment, especially in an urban area is in creating a natural environment and wildlife habitat for the birds, bees, butterflies, and other species that struggle to co-exist with people in urban areas. While you might not want to see birds picking away at your vegetable patch, they can be welcome guests in a rooftop garden comprised of drought-tolerant plants and other shrubbery.

Not to be over looked in considering a rooftop garden is the notion of growing your own fruits, vegetables and herbs. Many different plants that produce fruit, vegetables and aromatic and therapeutic herbs are easily grown in even the smallest patches of soil. So even if you are short on space you can still enjoy the satisfaction that comes from growing the food you eat. From tomatoes and peppers to basil, oregano and parsley, you can grow enough fresh food to fill your table in the summer and can, dry or pickle for the winter. In addition, by growing your own food you can control the levels of insecticides and other harmful elements that are often found in the fruit and produce found in the grocery store. And while you might not be able to grow apples and pears on your rooftop, you can certainly have a grape vine, berry bushes and a strawberry patch that will produce an abundance of fruit for you and your family.

Rooftop gardens, once thought of as ornamental extravagances of wealthy Europeans, are now popping up all over urban America as city dwellers, property developers, and institutions discover the many benefits of using their rooftops as green space. From reducing energy consumption to growing healthy nutritious food for your family, there are many good reasons to consider putting a garden on the rooftop of your building.

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